Frequently asked questions
How is natural gas transported?
Natural gas is transported over great distances in an underground system of large diameter pipes. The natural gas is moved through the pipeline by pressure which gradually dissipates as it travels through the pipeline. A series of compressor stations are positioned along the pipeline and it’s these facilities that supply the pressure to move the gas.
What exactly is a compressor station?
By itself, natural gas would just sit within the pipeline unless some force causes it to move. A compressor station must be located at specific distances along a natural gas pipeline in order to provide the force to move the natural gas through the pipeline. A compressor station is simply a pump that supplies the force to move the gas through the pipeline.
What steps are involved in building pipeline facilities?
After finalizing the locations for the various facilities, landowners are contacted to obtain easements for the construction and access to right-of-way. Once right-of-way is secured, the actual construction phase begins. The last phase is the clean-up and reclamation/restoration of the right-of-way. Preceding the construction and reclamation phase is the submission of a filing to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and the receipt of authority and permission to build the facilities. A requirement of this FERC filing sometimes includes the completion of an Environmental Assessment for the entire project depending on the size and scope of the specific project.
For more information on how pipelines are build, see the information at this link: http://www.ingaa.org/Topics/Pipelines101/65.aspx
How is the environment protected during the construction and operation of pipeline facilities?
Environmental protection is an integral part of the company’s operational philosophy. Once installed, the pipeline and all related facilities are regularly inspected for abnormalities and any problems are reported immediately.
How are pipeline facilities monitored to ensure public safety?
Facilities operated by WBI Energy Transmission are under the control of the Gas Control Center located in Bismarck, N.D. This center is responsible for monitoring flow and operating conditions on the entire pipeline system and is staffed 24 hours a day, seven days a week. If abnormalities occur anywhere on the system, the Gas Control Center is quickly made aware of the problem and can take appropriate measures to ensure public safety and repair of the facilities.
Where does a landowner go if problems or concerns arise regarding pipeline facilities on or near their land?
These contacts assist property owners whose land is near the pipeline or related facilities: